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Hemp / 火麻

Hemp / 火麻

火麻(hemp),古中國稱漢麻、枲麻、苴麻,是大麻屬植物的品種之一,源產於中國。火麻種植簡便、生長迅速、對環境的適應能力極強、耐貧瘠、抗逆性強、適生性廣、喜光照、光合作用效率高、不需施肥,所以是一種對環境友善的經濟作物。

目前被視為商業種植的品種, THC含量都是<0.3%.

火麻纖維可以進行紡織,也可製造紙、生物降解塑料、建築材料、食品、動物飼料以及燃料等有用物資。主要用作工業的火麻可稱為工業用大麻。火麻種子可以做成藥材火麻仁,中醫用來治療便祕、腹瀉;火麻仁也可以榨取火麻油用作烹飪,這類火麻可稱為補給用大麻。

Hemp (Cannabis, Industrial Hemp or) was first found in ancient China, is a Cannabis plant from the family Cannabaceae. It is an environmentally friendly plant considering its features including easy cultivation , fast growing speed, thrives in any climate, resistant to pests and diseases etc.

Currently the species of hemp that contains 0.3% or less THC is qualified for commercial production. 

Hemp has been applied for an array of products and its fibre is most commonly used for textiles and clothing. The term ‘Industrial Hemp’ refers to the industrial products made of hemp. For instance, hemp could be used to produce industrial products including papers, plastics, building material, food, animal feed and also bio-fuel. The wide range of applications of hemp also included food and nutrition which hemp functions as supplementary products.  

One of the examples is that hemp seed has been used for Traditional Chinese medicine in treating diseases like constipation, diarrhea. Moreover, hemp oil that is extracted from hemp seed can be used for cooking. 

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